A free GROMACS benchmark set

Input files for GROMACS performance evaluations

Benchmark set description

Standard MD benchmarks

Binding affinity study benchmarks

Other free energy benchmarks


The GROMACS input .tpr files are licensed under the

Please attribute to:

Dept. of Theoretical and Computational Biophysics, Max Planck Institute for Multidisciplinary Sciences, Göttingen, https://www.mpinat.mpg.de/grubmueller/bench.

The benchmark set builds upon simulation systems listed in the "References" section. Parts of it have been used in the publications listed in the "Publications" section.


Kutzner, C.; Páll, S.; Fechner, M.; Esztermann, A.; de Groot, B. L.; Grubmüller, H.: More bang for your buck: Improved use of GPU nodes for GROMACS 2018. Journal of Computational Chemistry 40 (27), pp. 2418 - 2431 (2019)
Kutzner, C.; Páll, S.; Fechner, M.; Esztermann, A.; de Groot, B.; Grubmüller, H.: Best bang for your buck: GPU nodes for GROMACS biomolecular simulations. Journal of Computational Chemistry 36 (26), pp. 1990 - 2008 (2015)
Páll, S.; Abraham, M. J.; Kutzner, C.; Hess, B.; Lindahl, E.: Tackling exascale software challenges in molecular dynamics simulations with GROMACS. In: Solving Software Challenges for Exascale: International Conference on Exascale Applications and Software, EASC 2014, Stockholm, Sweden, April 2-3, 2014, Revised Selected Papers, pp. 3 - 27 (Eds. Markidis, S.; Laure, E.). Springer, Cham (2015)
Kutzner, C.; Apostolov, R.; Hess, B.; Grubmüller, H.: Scaling of the GROMACS 4.6 molecular dynamics code on SuperMUC. In: Parallel Computing: Accelerating Computational Science and Engineering (CSE), pp. 722 - 730 (Eds. Bader, M.; Bode, A.; Bungartz, H. J.). IOS Press, Amsterdam (2014)
Hess, B.; Kutzner, C.; van der Spoel, D.; Lindahl, E.: GROMACS 4: algorithms for highly efficient, load-balanced, and scalable molecular simulation. Journal of Chemical Theory and Computation 4 (3), pp. 435 - 447 (2008)


Original publications of the benchmark simulation systems

de Groot, B. L.; Grubmueller, H.: Water permeation across biological membranes: Mechanism and dynamics of Aquaporin-1 and GlpF. Science 294, pp. 2353 - 2357 (2001)
Bock, L. V.; Blau, C.; Schröder, G. F.; Davydov, I. I.; Fischer, N.; Stark, H.; Rodnina, M. V.; Vaiana, A. C.; Grubmüller, H.: Energy barriers and driving forces in tRNA translocation through the ribosome. Nature Structural and Molecular Biology 20 (12), pp. 1390 - 1396 (2013)
Matthes, D.; Gapsys, V.; de Groot, B. L.: Driving forces and structural determinants of steric zipper peptide oligomer formation elucidated by atomistic simulations. Journal of Molecular Biology 421 (2-3), pp. 390 - 416 (2012)
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