• 1950-1955 Student, Saratov University, Department of Physics, Saratov, Russia
  • 1955-1958 Post graduate student, Institute of Chemical Physics, Academy of Science, Moscow, Russia
  • 1958-1965 Ph.D. and research associate, Institute of Chemical Physics, Academy of Science, Moscow, Russia
  • 1965-1991 Professor of Physics and Physical Chemistry at the Institute of Chemical Physics and at the Institute of Physics and Technology, Moscow, Russia
  • 1992-2002 Professor of Physical Chemistry, Technion – Israel Institute of Technology Haifa, Israel
  • Since 2002 Professor Emeritus, Technion – Israel Institute of Technology; Haifa, Israel
  • Since 2002 Guest Professor at the Max Planck Institute for Biophysical Chemistry, Göttingen, Germany


Distinctions and Awards 

  • Member, Deutsche Akademie der Naturforscher Leopoldina, since 1977
  • Member, European Academy of Arts, Sciences, and Humanities, since 1983
  • Member, International Academy of Quantum Molecular Science, since 1987
  • Alexander von Humboldt Award, Göttingen University, 1991
  • Barecha Award, Israel Academy of Sciences, 1992
  • Gauss Professorship, Göttingen Academy of Sciences, 1994
  • Gauss Professorship, Göttingen Academy of Sciences, 2011
  • Member, Göttingen Academy of Sciences, since 2012
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